nickel smelting and refining process

  • Nickel Smelting and Refining - IFC

    Nickel Smelting and Refining. 351. should be recycled. To the extent possible, all pro-cess effluents should be returned to the process. Treatment Technologies. The discharge of particulate matter emitted dur-ing drying, screening, roasting, smelting, and converting is controlled by using cyclones fol-lowed by wet scrubbers, ESPs, or bag ...

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  • Environmental Guidelines for Nickel Smelting and Refining

    2018-8-5 · 436 Nickel Smelting and Refining cathodes is the most common technology used for nickel refining. Electrowinning, where nickel is removed form solution in cells equipped with inert anodes is the more common refining process used for nickel. Chloride electrolytes are used although sulfuric acid solutions are used more often. Waste Characteristics

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  • Nickel: smelting, producing-Metalpedia

    Flash smelting. Flash smelting (Finnish: Liekkisulatus) is a smelting process for sulfur-containing ores including chalcopyrite. The process was developed by Outokumpu in Finland and first applied at the Harjavalta plant in 1949 for smelting copper ore. It has also been adapted for nickel and lead production.

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  • nickel processing - Extraction and refining | Britannica

    2022-1-13 · nickel processing - nickel processing - Extraction and refining: The extraction of nickel from ore follows much the same route as copper, and indeed, in a number of cases, similar processes and equipment are used. The major

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  • Niihama Nickel Refinery | About Us | Sumitomo Metal

    Nickel matte with a 70 to 80 % nickel grade, procured from mine and smelter that we have a stake in or other suppliers, and nickel / cobalt mixed sulfide with a 60% nickel grade produced in Coral Bay Nickel Corporation and Taganito HPAL

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  • Electrowinning of nickel at the Bindura Smelting and ...

    2021-1-31 · Electrowinning of nickel at the Bindura Smelting and Refining Company by H. T. BROWN*, B.Sc.(Member) and P. G. MASON*, B.Sc.(Member) SYNOPSIS After a brief discussion of theoretical considerations in the electrowinning of nickel, an account is given of the electrowinning process and plant used at the Bindura Smelting and Refining Company.

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  • Final - Smelting and Refining - IFC

    The EHS Guidelines for Smelting & Refining cover information relevant to base metal smelting and refining of lead, zinc, copper, nickel, and aluminum. It does not include the mining and concentration of the raw materials, which is covered in the EHS Guidelines for Mining. Annex A contains a description of industry sector activities.

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  • Harima Refinery | About Us | Sumitomo Metal Mining Co.,

    Smelting and refining at the Harima Refinery Raw Materials Nickel / cobalt mixed sulfide with a 50 to 60% nickel grade produced in Coral Bay Nickel Corporation and Taganito HPAL Nickel Corporation, which are Sumitomo Metal Mining’s subsidiaries, using the HPAL (High Pressure Acid Leach) process is used as raw material.

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  • Nickel Flash Smelting :: Total Materia Article

    Using nickel flash smelting technology it is possible to process sulfide nickel concentrate and produce nickel matte and slag in a relatively efficient process. Any materials resulting as smelting and converting slags are recirculated in the electric furnace and recovered where possible as nickel matte. Nickel (Ni) is a silvery-white, hard metal.

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  • FERRONICKEL PRODUCTION AND OPERATION

    2015-2-27 · Ferronickel smelting of lateritic ores is generally performed by using fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gas, etc.) as a reductant in a rotary kiln. Nickel and cobalt are firstly reduced because iron has greater affinity to oxygen. The product is charged to

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  • Nickel Smelting And Refining Process

    Smelting and refining process technology . Smelting Refining Technology This is a technology for separating and refining valuable metals such as copper noble metals nickel etc from the ore produced from mines and recycl

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  • Nickel smelting and refining: A long road ahead for

    2015-5-13 · Nickel smelting and refining: A long road ahead for Indonesia. A consultant believes Indonesia shift to exporting refined ores would be a long process. 0 ... “We estimate that if all these nickel smelters are completed, in 2018 we will be able to process 30 million tons of nickel ore—50 percent of our nickel ore exports in 2013, ...

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  • Smelting and refining process technology | Business ...

    Smelting & Refining Technology. This is a technology for separating and refining valuable metals such as copper, noble metals, nickel, etc. from the ore produced from mines and recycled raw material. It includes the pyrometallurgical smelting technology that makes use of a furnace, and the hydrometallurgical refining technology that makes use ...

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  • Regulation for the nickel smelting and refining industry ...

    2021-1-20 · The new sector specific regulation for sulphur dioxide air emissions from nickel smelting and refining facilities in the Sudbury area will apply to one smelter operated by Glencore on January 1, 2022, before its current site-specific standard expires. Vale’s two facilities, a smelter and a refinery, will be required to comply with the ...

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  • A brief discussion on the smelting process of nickel iron ...

    A brief discussion on the smelting process of nickel iron in ore smelting furnace. 2016-04-08 hit: RKEF method. 1 the metal nickel has good mechanical strength, ductility and corrosion resistance, chemical stability, can be magnetized, and a series of characteristics, widely used in stainless steel, high temperature alloy, electroplating and ...

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  • FERRONICKEL PRODUCTION AND OPERATION

    2015-2-27 · Ferronickel smelting of lateritic ores is generally performed by using fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gas, etc.) as a reductant in a rotary kiln. Nickel and cobalt are firstly reduced because iron has greater affinity to oxygen. The product is charged to

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  • NICKEL PROCESSING INDUSTRY - BKPM

    2018-6-22 · Nickel Processing Industry Minimum limitation Nickel Products Sold Abroad (Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources Regulation Number 8 Year 2015) Commodities Minimum Limit Ore Mineral Processing Refining Product Quality Product Quality Nickel and/or Cobalt (Smelting Process) a. Saprolit b. Limonit Pentlandit Garnerit Serpentinit Karolit Nickel ...

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  • OVERVIEW OF PGM PROCESSING - Anglo American

    2015-1-12 · Concentration Smelting & Converting Refining •Rely on third party PGM refiners •Smelting associated with the huge nickel infrastructure • Recoveries associated with Nickel •Outsourced PGM refining to Heraeus •Excess base metal outsources to AAP and Empress as nickel sulphate •Furnace reliability challenging due to

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  • Copper Smelting and Refining Process | Pan Pacific Copper

    Refined Copper Smelting and Refining Process. 01 Formulation of copper concentrate. Large ships bring copper concentrates from overseas mines. The copper concentrates are unloaded by the berth's massive unloader, after which

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  • Gold Smelting & Refining Process

    2016-2-28 · Gold Smelting & Refining Process. Metallurgical Content. Gold can be concentrated and recovered by applying different gold refining process methods and the final product has variable quality. In this way, it is necessary to have a

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  • Nickel smelting and refining: A long road ahead for

    2015-5-13 · Nickel smelting and refining: A long road ahead for Indonesia. A consultant believes Indonesia shift to exporting refined ores would be a long process. 0 ... “We estimate that if all these nickel smelters are completed, in 2018 we will be able to process 30 million tons of nickel ore—50 percent of our nickel ore exports in 2013, ...

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  • Nickel sulphide smelting and electrorefining practice: A ...

    2010-10-26 · Details of smelting and refining practice are provided for the three largest nickel producers. For completeness, other extractionprocesses involving a mixed sulphide, pellets from the carbonyl process, nickel powders, and briquettes are noted in the compendium of nickel processing practice, which includes pyrometallurgical principles.

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  • Regulation for the nickel smelting and refining industry ...

    2021-1-20 · The new sector specific regulation for sulphur dioxide air emissions from nickel smelting and refining facilities in the Sudbury area will apply to one smelter operated by Glencore on January 1, 2022, before its current site-specific standard expires. Vale’s two facilities, a smelter and a refinery, will be required to comply with the ...

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  • Process for smelting nickel - Toyo Engineering Corporation

    The present invention concerns a process for smelting nickel which comprises treating nickel-containing material with a reducing gas to reduce the nickel component contained in the nickel-containing material and thereby produce metallic nickel; soaking the thus-obtained material in an ammoniacal aqueous ammonium salt solution and treating it with oxygen or an oxygen

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  • Exergy accounting applied to metallurgical systems: The ...

    2013-12-1 · Refining: The mattes produced by the smelting process must go through a multi-stage process in order to: recover and refine the metal content, reject iron and ultimately recover copper, cobalt and precious metals. Matte can be treated by pyrometallurgical methods but hydrometallurgical processes are more widely used.

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  • Processing of PGM containing Ni/Cu bulk concentrates in

    Producing bulk concentrates and treating them by Outotec Direct Nickel Flash Smelting (DON) to matte and then hydrometallurgical refining, offers a reliable route from concentrate to product. In the DON process high grade matte with low Fe-content is produced in the Flash smelting furnace (FSF) and metal values in slag are recovered in an ...

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  • 12.3 Primary Copper Smelting

    2015-9-10 · A typical pyrometallurgical copper smelting process, as illustrated in Figure 12.3-1, includes 4 steps: roasting, smelting, concentrating, and fire refining. Ore concentration is roasted to reduce impurities, including sulfur, antimony, arsenic, and lead. The roasted product, calcine, serves as a dried and heated charge for the smelting furnace.

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  • Pyrometallurgy | SpringerLink

    2014-11-27 · Head, M. D., Englesakis, V. A., Pearson, B. C., and Wilkinson, D. H., Nickel Refining by the TBRC Smelting and Pressure Carbonyl Route. Part I. Introduction and Process Outline of the Copper Cliff Nickel Refinery. Part II Construction of the Copper Cliff Nickel Refinery. Part III The commissioning and Operation of a Carbonyl Refinery, Part IV.

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  • Gold Smelting & Refining Process

    2016-2-28 · Gold Smelting & Refining Process. Metallurgical Content. Gold can be concentrated and recovered by applying different gold refining process methods and the final product has variable quality. In this way, it is necessary to have a

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  • Resources | Free Full-Text | Metal Extraction Processes ...

    2013-12-11 · E-waste TSL smelting in secondary copper process: LS-Nikko’s recycling facility, Korea : Au, Ag & PGMs metals: Recycling in TSL smelting followed by electrolytic refining: Day’s patent : PMs, Pt and Pd: Smelting in

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